Drug use among youth: National survey data support a common liability of all drug use
Robert L. DuPont,⁎, Beth Hanb, Corinne L. Sheaa, Bertha K. Madrasc,d
a Institute for Behavior and Health, Inc., 6191 Executive Blvd, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
b Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852, USA
c McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
d Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Abstract: The prevalence of substance use disorders in adults is higher if substance use is initiated during adolescence, underscoring the importance of youth substance use prevention. We examined whether the use of one substance by adolescents is associated with increased risk for using any other substance, regardless of use sequences. In 2017 we examined data from 17,000 youth aged 12–17 who participated in the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a sample of nationally representative data on substance use among the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population aged 12 or older. Descriptive analyses and multivariable logistic regression models were applied. After controlling for age, sex, and race/ethnicity, compared with youth without past-month marijuana use, youth with past-month marijuana use were 8.9 times more likely to report past-month cigarette use, 5.6, 7.9 and 15.8 times more likely to report past-month alcohol use, binge use, or heavy use (respectively), and 9.9 times more likely to report past-month use of other illicit drugs.
The prevalence of past-month use of cigarettes, marijuana, and other illicit drugs was significantly higher among past-month alcohol users compared with youth without past-month alcohol use, and increased as intensity of alcohol use rose. Among past-month cigarette smokers, the prevalence of marijuana, other illicit drugs, and alcohol use were each significantly higher than youth without past-month cigarette use. Youth marijuana use, cigarette smoking, or alcohol consumption is associated with other substance use.
This finding has importance for youth prevention, supporting a message no use by youth of any substance.
Dear Learning Facilitator, The Dalgarno Institute, a non profit, public interest community based organisation, have over a 150 years experience in providing proactive and protective resources and education options on alcohol and other drug issues to the Australian community.
We currently have an exciting new schools based initiative:
Seminar options: (Three Key Base Products Numbers of Variables)
No Brainer: For year 7,8 or 9 students and is a basic introduction to alcohol and other drugs that compliments the ‘I Wish I Never...’ curriculum. Content covers
- Overview of some of The What – The How – The Why of drug use.
- Specific and intensive focus on specifically how different drugs impact the body and brain and includes tactile exercises to assist retention.
- Drugs focused on in this seminar/s are Alcohol, Cannabis, ICE, Ecstasy and other ATS.
- Looks at foundational aspects for developing resiliency around the AOD issue.
Ripped Off: For year 10/11 students and follows the same pedagogy as NO Brainer – However, content focuses on
- Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) use and the issues and the impact on the natural environment and climate change.
- AOD use and the issues of social justice and responsibility in both the local and global community.
- That global citizenship is about ensuring justice for the marginalised and vulnerable on the planet, particularly the poor and children and understanding of what drug use does to those key demographics.
- Continues to focus on resiliency from a community perspective.
Humpty Dumpty Dilemma: For year 11 and 12 students. Content focuses on
- Heads UP’ for students getting ready to step into the ‘unregulated’ world (outside school).
- Looks more closely at resiliency issues and decision making, including potential psycho-social ‘anchors’.
- Challenges the thinking of students to develop logical and evidence based frameworks for decision making around AOD issues in often complex, yet ill-conceived peer and boundary-less environments.
- Builds on resiliency issues addressed in previous seminars.
- Bouncing Back Parent Evenings: Seminar time up to 90 minutes. Normal cost is $440 (GST inc) for the evening regardless of numbers.
- Changing the Narrative – (Fence Building) Community Seminar Events: Focusing on both shifting and empowering communities to become more Resilient, proactive and preventative around the AOD issue. Engages the audience in collaborative discussion and potential strategy building for Demand Reduction and Prevention processes.
As of July 1 2016, school seminars cost $550 per 90-100 minute seminar for up to 150 students at a time. If more than 150 students, two seminars will need to be conducted at a total cost of $880 (NB: One free incursion seminar included in ‘I wish I never...’ DVD Curriculum Package deal as per above). Depending on school financial capacity, a gold coin option may be negotiated if necessary.
This incursion program offers a creative pedagogy aimed at helping young people and teenagers more effectively engage with the reality and inevitability of alcohol and other drugs in their current culture. Our approach emphasises 'minimising harm by maximising prevention'. Thus the seminars focus on not only the very real option of refusal, but also assist students to effectively consider these options. More than that, we provide you with a follow-up affective domain education journey that can help enable students to become positive change agents in their own peer settings.
The seminars are fully interfaced with National Curriculum frameworks and also dovetailed with the Student Welfare Coordinators guide for 'Preventing Drug Related Harm'.
Whilst we do not charge for initial incursion, we have a number of funding options based on the schools needs, ranging from a gold coin donation per student for a 75 -90 minute seminar to negotiated pricing for longer seminars or full days.
Sincerely, The NO Brainer Education Team
This incursion program offers a creative pedagogy aimed at helping young people and teenagers more effectively engage with the reality and inevitability of alcohol and other drugs in their current culture. Our approach emphasises ‘minimising harm by maximising prevention’. Thus the seminars focus on not only the very real option of refusal, but also assist students to effectively consider these options. More than that, we provide you with a follow-up affective domain education journey that can help enable students to become positive change agents in their own peer settings.
The seminars are fully interfaced with National Curriculum frameworks and also dovetailed with the Student Welfare Coordinators guide for ‘Preventing Drug Related Harm’.
Whilst we do not charge for initial incursion, we have a number of funding options based on the schools needs, ranging from a gold coin donation per student for a 75 -90 minute seminar to negotiated pricing for longer seminars or full days. Sincerely, The NO Brainer Education Team
To provide harm prevention – abstinence focused resources that can be delivered to schools by The Dalgarno Institute (and/or other trained and designated facilitators or other partner agencies). All scientific and academic data proves conclusively that any substance use is detrimental to the brain of children and adolescents, clearly stating that at this formative stage of brain development there is NO safe level of alcohol or other drug use – so abstinence is the safest and best option and should be aggressively and consistently promoted across the community!
The 2010 National Drug strategy states that Harm Minimisation - “Involves a range of approaches to prevent and reduce drug-related harm including prevention; early intervention; specialist treatment; supply control; safer drug use; and abstinence.”
Evidence suggests that the imperative of ‘abstinence and prevention’ focused model of education for the under 25 group is difficult to locate and/or access; we seek to provide that option through direct delivery or referral to other like-focused agencies.
"Young people have a right to grow up in a society where they are protected from pressures to drink and from the harm done by alcohol.” World Health Organisation
“Thanks so much for the sensational sessions you guys ran for our year 8 students last week. They had a huge impact on some of our students and brought the truth into light about the lies our students are fed through the media, marketing and society in general... We ran a Binge Drinking Seminar as a part of our ‘Year 10 Resiliency Day’; The No Brainer resources are sensational. We used the recent "Don't turn your night out into a nightmare" TV adds to get the kids thinking of the consequences of alcohol abuse to kick off and then worked through the worksheets, postcards for our newly elected State Politician and the pledge poster. Well done Dalgarno, the resources really help to generate discussion and the students remembered the key themes from your session last year….Thanks for the effort you put into these resources, they will help to save some of our precious young people's lives. (Private School - Peninsula)
“I was overjoyed with the wonderful presentation you gave my year 10 group of students yesterday, and from the [student] feedback it went over very well indeed… The Students were still talking about it days later!” (Private School - Inner northern suburbs)
“As college chaplain it was a dream come true to have The Dalgarno Institute and the No Brainer-alcohol and other drugs seminar presented here with our year 8’s. Not only were the seminars highly informative but they were also engaging and thought provoking for our students and staff. The presenter was highly passionate, well versed in the subject matter and inspiring... I personally enjoyed presenting the follow up session provided in the ‘NO Brainer’ Kit with students and felt that they were well received. The highlights were students telling me things that they never knew about alcohol and other drugs and seeing them writing out their pledges”. (Public School – South eastern suburbs)
For further and full overview of program please feel free to download this PDF
Mr. Shane Varcoe - Executive Director